What Causes Diarrhea in Rabbits?
Unbalanced rabbit food is the leading cause of diarrhea in rabbits.
Rabbits often get diarrhea (called cecal dysbiosis) from eating an unbalanced diet that has too much starch (grain and grain-byproducts) and/or soybean meal. For the same reasons you should not feed your bunny treats that are high in sugar or carbohydrates because it will cause rabbits to have gas and bloat.
Most rabbit pellets on the market contribute to rabbits contracting diarrhea because they have too much grain and not enough fat and fiber. This is why rabbit pellets have such a bad name. However, properly formulated pellets are a lot healthier for rabbits because they ensure your rabbits won't be deficient in specific vitamins
that your rabbit needs. Although feeding rabbits extra hay is a quick fix to rabbit diarrhea, eating just hay and veggies will likely cause long-term degenerative health problems due to nutritional deficiencies.
The Rabbit Digestive Tract: What Causes Rabbit Diarrhea
Click here to see a diagram about rabbit digestion.
Diarrhea in rabbits is caused by undigested starch and protein supplements like soybean meal that enter into the caecum disrupting the normal fermentation process, changing the pH of the caecum, and favoring bad bacterial growth. Take note that certain strains of bacteria that are known to cause rabbit diarrhea are only a problem because they make the rabbit more sensitive when the rabbit is consuming a poor quality diet.
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